Skip to main content

Table 2 Environmental psychology concepts 13; Dak Kopec in 2012

From: Towards forming a socio-ecological action model for urban open spaces’ design in New Cairo, Egypt

  Key concepts Relevance for design
01 Reciprocal determinism, modelling Encourages an understanding of established societal norms
02 Global environment, instigators, goal objects, supports and constraints, directors Offers a holistic approach to design
03 Psychological reactance Suggests that design elements lead to perceptions of control
04 Operant conditioning, interactional theory Emphasizes that design is an important component of a setting that contributes to certain behaviours
05 Threshold, arousal, environmental load, overload, adaptation level Hold that design styles can lead to over-or under-stimulation
06 Directed attention, attentional deficit, effortless attention, restorative experiences Include views of green spaces for effortless attention within environments demanding much directed attention
07 Distal and proximal cues leading to cue validity and cue utility Emphasizes that perceptual relationship between design and the human observer
08 Environmental layout, contextual cues direct perception Highlights perceptual influences of design styles and probable dual uses of designs
09 Novelty, incongruity, complexity, surprise, hedonic tone, uncertainty-arousal Claims that the joint nature of design elements merge to develop one overall impression
11 Pleasure, arousal Offers a method to evaluate environmental designs
12 Coherence, legibility, complexity, mystery Offers method for designing engaging environments
13 Paths, edges, districts, nodes, landmarks Offers a method to enhance an environment’s legibility