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Table 1 Theories, models, and perspectives in environmental psychology [15]; edited by Dalia M. Rasmi (author) 2021

From: Towards forming a socio-ecological action model for urban open spaces’ design in New Cairo, Egypt

Theories and models Theorist Major premise
01 Social learning theory Albert Bandura Determines that we learn by first observing others and reproducing their actions.
02 Integration theory Anne Treisman and Garry Gelade Elements of the environment work in harmony to facilitate a particular behaviour.
03 Control theory Walter Reckless Group of theories that address behavioural constraints and a person’s perceived control over his or her actions and behaviours.
04 Behaviour setting theory Roger Barker Public places or settings evoke certain patterns of behaviour.
05 Stimulation theory Nick Bostrom Environment is a source of sensory information (stimuli) that leads to arousal.
06 Lens model Kennth Hammond Stimuli from the environment become focused through our perceptions.
07 Affordances James Gibson The world is composed of substances, surfaces, and textures, the arrangement of which provides recognizable function of environmental features.
08 Collative prosperities Daniel Berlyne We respond to aesthetics based on their collative properties.
09 Pleasure-arousal-dominance hypothesis Mehrabian and Russell Three primary emotional responses are translated to positive feelings, excitement, and control over the setting with pleasure and arousal as the two main axes.
10 Preference model Lichtenstein and Slovic People prefer engaging scenes to boring scenes.
11 Elements of legibility Kevin Lynch Five predominating qualities enhance its legibility to the average person.